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  • Cambodia, the Kingdom of Wonders

    known for the magnificent Angkor Wat Temple and the natural marvel, Tonle Sap Lake. Every year more visitors flock to Cambodia to discover for themselves just what wonders it has to offer.

  • Cambodia, the Kingdom of Wonders

    known for the magnificent Angkor Wat Temple and the natural marvel, Tonle Sap Lake. Every year more visitors flock to Cambodia to discover for themselves just what wonders it has to offer.

  • Cambodia, the Kingdom of Wonders

    known for the magnificent Angkor Wat Temple and the natural marvel, Tonle Sap Lake. Every year more visitors flock to Cambodia to discover for themselves just what wonders it has to offer.

  • Cambodia, the Kingdom of Wonders

    known for the magnificent Angkor Wat Temple and the natural marvel, Tonle Sap Lake. Every year more visitors flock to Cambodia to discover for themselves just what wonders it has to offer.

  • Cambodia, the Kingdom of Wonders

    known for the magnificent Angkor Wat Temple and the natural marvel, Tonle Sap Lake. Every year more visitors flock to Cambodia to discover for themselves just what wonders it has to offer.

 

Thailand is a haven for those seeking to experience a holiday that has it all with a unique Asian sensibility. Whether you want to unwind on a beach, connect with nature, shop for the latest fashions, immerse yourself in culture or experience unique culinary delicacies—Thailand can meet all these requirements and more. From Bangkok’s opulent hotels, bustling nightlife, famous markets, royal palaces and temples to the white sandy beaches, luxury resorts, clear waters and coral reefs of the islands. You are sure to find the ultimate destination for your perfect getaway.

General Information

 

Identity Card of the country

 

Country name

: Kingdom of Thailand (formerly Siam)

Area

: 517,000 sq km

Terrain

: Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in

  the north

Population

: 65 million

Age structure

: 0-14 years: 22%, 15-64 years: 70%,

  65 years & over: 8%

Ethnic groups

: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Capital

: Bangkok (pop 8.5 million)

Religions

: Theravada Buddhist 95%, Muslim 5%

Languages

: Thai

Incumbent

: Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)

Style

: His Majesty

Heir apparent

: Maha Vajiralongkorn

Government type

: Democratic constitutional monarchy

Prime minister

: Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva

The politics of Thailand:

The politics of Thailand are currently conducted within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative branches.

The People's Power Party, led by Somchai Wongsawat, won the majority of seats in parliament. A civilian coalition government was formed on 28 January 2008 with five other minor parties leaving the Democrats, led by Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva, as the only opposition party.

 

Currency and Currency exchange:

The Thai unit of currency is the baht 1 baht is divided into 100 satang. Note are in denominations of 1,000 (brown), 500 (purple), 100 (red), 50 (blue), 20 (green) and 10 (brown) baht. Coins consist of 25 satang, 50 satang, 1 baht, 5 baht and 10 baht.

Major currency bills and travelers cheques are cashed easily at hotels, tourist shops, all provincial banks, shopping centers and money changers. Travelers cheques are best changed in banks (you will need your passport). Rates of exchange at banks or authorized money changers are better than those at hotels and department stores.

Any amount of foreign currency may be brought into the country. Visitors may take

Foreign currency out of Thailand, but no more than the amount stated in the customs declaration made on arrival. Travelers leaving Thailand may take out no more than 50,000 baht per person in Thai currency. 


Currency Notes:  Paper baht comes in denominations of 10 (brown), 20 (green), 50 (blue), 100 (red), 500 (purple) and 1000 (beige). 


Currency Coins: There are 100 satang in one baht; coins include 25-satang and 50-satang pieces and baht in denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10. Thai baht is in denominations of: 

 

Banking Hours in Thailand

Bank hours are usually open Monday-Friday 8:30am to 3:30pm. They are usually closed Saturdays and Sunday but Bank of Asia has several branches

 

Airports in Thailand:

 

Bangkok International Airport

Hat Yai International Airport

Chiang Rai International Airport

Chiang Mai International Airport

Phuket International Airport

Suvarnabhumi Airport   

 

Geography and Climate:

Climate: Thailand is sub tropical and has three seasons.

1. March to June, hot and dry.

2. July to October, hot and wet.

3. November to February, cool and dry.

The hot season rarely reaches above 37C and the cool season may go as low as 20C. The monsoon can mean 1 to 2 hours of rain in the afternoon making them easy to plan around, and with long periods of no rain.

 

Land boundaries

Total: 4,863 km

Border countries: Myanmar 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

Crossings with Thailand

1. Aranyaprathet, Thailand/Poipet, Cambodia (Most direct access to Siem Reap)
2. Hat Lek, Thailand/Koh Kong, Cambodia (Cham Yeam Checkpoint) (Most direct access to Sihanoukville)
3. Chong Jom, Thailand/O'Smach, Oddar Meanchey, Cambodia
4. Chong Sa Ngam, Thailand/Anlong Veng, Oddar Meanchey, Cambodia
5. Ban Pakard, Chantaburi, Thailand/Phsar Prom Pailin, Cambodia (Prom Checkpoint)
6. Ban Laem, Chantaburi, Thailand/Daung Lem, Battambang, Cambodia (Daung Checkpoint)

 

Main City Codes:

Bangkok 2, Burirum 44, Chanthaburi 39, Chiang Mai 53, Chiang Rai 54, Chon Buri 38, Kanchanaburi 34, Lampang 54, Nakhon Ratchasima 44, Nakhon Sawan 56, Namphaengphet 55, Nong Khai 42, Pattani 73, Pattaya 38, Phitsanulok 55, Phuket 76, Ratchaburi 32, Saraburi 36, Songkhla 74, Surat Thani 77, Tak 55, Ubon Ratchathani 45

Formalities

Passport: A passport with at least 6 months validity is required.

*Chile, Republic of Chile citizens enjoy visa free entry for 90 days.

 

Passport holders who can enter Thailand without visa

-Can enter 15 days as tourists (Visa on arrival)
-Can enter 30 days as tourists
-Must apply for visa before traveling to Thailand.

  

Festivals and Events in Thailand

· Chinese New Year Celebrations
· Phra Buddha Baht Fair
· Bosang Umbrella Fair
· Makha Bucha Day Celebrations
· Chakri Day Celebrations
· Songkran Celebrations
· Pattaya Festival
· Coronation Day
· Royal Ploughing Ceremony
· Fruit Fair
· Visakha Bucha Day Celebrations
· Asalaha Bucha Day Celebrations
· Candle Festival
· Chulalongkorn Day Celebrations
· Loy Krathong Festival
· Constitution Day Celebrations
· Bangkok International Film Festival
· That Phanom Festival
· River of Kings Show
· Chiang Mai Flower Festival
· Magha Puja Celebrations
· Phra Nakhon Khiri Diamond Festival
· Bangkok International Jewelry Fair
· Prasat Hin Khao Phanom Rung Festival
· Bun Phra Wet Festival
· Rocket Festival
· Khao Phansa
· Narathiwat Fair
· Loi Krathong Festival
· River Khwae Bridge Week

 

Thai Holidays

January 1 - New Year's Day
February 14 - Makha Bucha (Full Moon Day)
April 6 - Chakri Memorial Day
April 12-14 - Sonkran Festival (Thai New Year)
May 1 - National Labor Day
May 5 - Coronation Day
May 13 - Wisakha Bucha (Full Moon Day)
July 11 - Asanaha Bucha (Full Moon Day)
July 12 - Buddhist Lent Day
August 12 - H.M. The Queen's Birthday
October 23 - Chulalongkorn Day
December 5 - H.M. The King's Birthday
December 10 - Constitution Day
December 31 - New Year's Eve

 

Note: Electrical and electronic equipment from the US or Japan may not work in Thailand. Plugging in some US or Japanese appliances such as hairdryers or electric razors to a Thai electrical outlet, may be a fire risk and could also permanently damage the appliance.

 

Some appliances, including almost all laptop computers and many desktop computers, have a switch near the power inlet labeled "110/120-220/240". Setting this switch to "220/240" will enable the device to operate as normal in Thailand.

Converters converting 220 volts to 110 volts are sold at some airports and electrical stores.

 

Thailand Phone Codes

When calling Thailand add your international code!  It will start with "0".
Calling inside Thailand: omit the 66- and add a "0" to the city code.  E.G. Bangkok is 02, Chiang Mai is 053.
-Bangkok is the only city with 7 digit no's.

-Some provinces have the same city code. Only calls within a city are billed at local flat rates.  e.g. Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai have the same dialing code but calls from one city to the other are billed per minute.
-Call back services are technically illegal in Thailand

Throughout the Thai focus site we refer to Thai numbers like this. +66(0)53 818755.

Special Advice:

-Beware of unauthorized people who offer their services as guides. For all tourist information, contact the Tourism Authority of Thailand, Tel: 1672. For information about Bangkok, contact the Bangkok Metropolitan Tourist Bureau, Tel: 0 2225 7612-4.

 

-Observe all normal precautions as regards to personal safety, as well as the safety of your belongings. Walking alone on quiet streets or deserted areas is not recommended. Be sure that all your valuables-money, jewelry, and airline tickets are properly protected from loss. Visitors needing assistance relating to safety, unethical practices, or other matters, please call the Tourist Police at Tel: 1155.  
-Do not get yourself involved with drugs. Penalties for drug offences are very severe in Thailand